Litigation is the process by which an individual or entity takes a dispute, case to court or complaint and settles claims or replacements for damages.
Litigation is also known as lawsuits and the term usually refers to civil court trials. They are used especially when disputes or complaints cannot be resolved by other means.
Litigation does not always take place in a plaintiff’s lawsuit. In some cases, false accusations and lack of facts from related people, will cause quick blame, and this leads to litigation or lawsuits. Unfortunately, people also don’t want to be responsible for their own actions, so instead of facing the consequences of their actions, they try to blame others and that can only make things worse.
Source: http://gubukhukum.blogspot.com/2012/02/peng understanding-about-litigation.html